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Poverty Measurement

 

Poverty 2010 
Percentage of population under poverty conditions by federal entity, 2010
México

 

 The National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL) reports the results of poverty measurement 2010 per each federal entity and for Mexico as a whole, which strengthens accountability and transparency in social policy. 

 

  • From 2008 to 2010, Mexico showed a drop in social deprivations of access to healthcare; access to social security; basic services at homes; home quality and spaces, and educational gap.
  • During the same period, within the context of the economic crisis, real income per household fell in Mexico, especially in urban areas.
  • Likewise, an increase in the population with food deprivation .
  • Derived from the above, Mexico’s population under poverty conditions grew from 44.5% to 46.2%, corresponding to an increase from 48.8 to 52.0 million people from 2008 to 2010.
  • During the same period, population under extreme poverty went from 10.6% to 10.4%; in terms of the number of people in extreme poverty, it remained at 11.7 million from 2008 to 2010. 

Poverty measurements reported today by the CONEVAL enable, for the first time, the evaluation of changes in the Mexican population’s poverty situation in its economic and social dimensions per each federal entity and for Mexico as a whole. 

The information accounts for poverty variations throughout the national territory: the fact that 52 million Mexican women and men are in poverty situation, and 11.7 million suffer extreme poverty allows dimensioning the magnitude of the challenges faced by the State to eradicate poverty, especially in the most disfavored and backward regions and social groups.

The reported information provides elements that contribute in the improvement of public policy, by identifying the strategies which have worked, the social dimensions for which institutional efforts require to be redoubled and the regions in Mexico where priority attention needs to be strengthened for the population in poverty situation or economical or social vulnerability.